Consist of attached silicon cells that form an electrical circuit and are also known as photovoltaic cells.

These cells can be combined into larger arrangements called modules, and these modules can be combined to form photovoltaic systems. When photons hit a solar cell, they knock electrons loose from their atoms. If the positive and negative sides of a cell are attached to conductors, they generate electricity. Photovoltaic modules provide electricity for space, portable, remote, and utility-interactive applications. Solar panels produce a significant amount of electrical power with no moving parts, noise, or emissions.